One fundamental operation for working with collections is populating them with events. There are a number of ways to do this:
- Use ksqlDB’s INSERT INTO VALUES syntax. This is the simplest approach.
- Use the Apache Kafka® clients to write data to the underlying topics.
- Use connectors to source data from external systems.
The INSERT INTO VALUES statement inserts an event into an existing stream or table. This statement is similar to what you would find in Postgres. You specify:
- the collection to insert values into;
- the sequence of columns that you have values for;
- the values.
The column names and values are zipped up to form a new event, which is
serialized in the same format as the collection. The following example
statement inserts an event that has two columns into a collection named
Any column that doesn't get a value explicitly is set to
null. If no columns
are specified, a value for every column is expected in the same order as the
schema, with any key columns first. If columns are specified, the order
doesn’t matter. You can specify
ROWTIME as an explicit column, but it’s not
required when you omit the column specifications, defaulting to the local
For more information, see INSERT INTO VALUES.