SELECT (Pull Query)


SELECT select_expr [, ...]
  FROM aggregate_table
  [AND window_bounds];


Pulls the current value from the materialized table and terminates. The result of this statement isn't persisted in a Kafka topic and is printed out only in the console.

Pull queries enable you to fetch the current state of a materialized view. Because materialized views are incrementally updated as new events arrive, pull queries run with predictably low latency. They're a great match for request/response flows. For asynchronous application flows, see Push Queries.

Execute a pull query by sending an HTTP request to the ksqlDB REST API, and the API responds with a single response.

The WHERE clause must contain a single value of ROWKEY to retrieve and may optionally include bounds on WINDOWSTART if the materialized table is windowed.


SELECT * FROM pageviews_by_region
  WHERE ROWKEY = 'Region_1'
    AND 1570051876000 <= WINDOWSTART AND WINDOWSTART <= 1570138276000;

When writing logical expressions using WINDOWSTART, you can use ISO-8601 formatted datestrings to represent date times. For example, the previous query is equivalent to the following:

SELECT * FROM pageviews_by_region
  WHERE ROWKEY = 'Region_1'
    AND '2019-10-02T21:31:16' <= WINDOWSTART AND WINDOWSTART <= '2019-10-03T21:31:16';

You can specify time zones within the datestring. For example, 2017-11-17T04:53:45-0330 is in the Newfoundland time zone. If no time zone is specified within the datestring, then timestamps are interpreted in the UTC time zone.

If no bounds are placed on WINDOWSTART, rows are returned for all windows in the windowed table.

Last update: 2020-03-19