Create a new stream with the specified columns and properties.
A ksqlDB STREAM is a stream of facts. Each fact is immutable and unique.
A stream can store its data in either
VALUE columns can be NULL. No special processing is done if two rows have the same
key. This situation is handled differently by ksqlDB TABLE, as shown in the following table.
|Key column type||
|NON NULL key constraint||No||Yes
Messages in the Kafka topic with a NULL
|Unique key constraint||No
Messages with the same key as another have no special meaning.
Later messages with the same key replace earlier.
Messages with NULL values are ignored.
NULL message values are treated as a tombstone
Any existing row with a matching key is deleted.
Each column is defined by:
column_name: the name of the column. If unquoted, the name must be a valid
SQL identifier and ksqlDB converts it to uppercase.
The name can be quoted if case needs to be preserved or if the name is not a valid SQL
identifier, for example
data_type: the SQL type of the column. Columns can be any of the
data types supported by ksqlDB.
KEY: columns that are stored in the Kafka message's key should be marked as
If a column is not marked as a
KEY column, ksqlDB loads it from the Kafka message's value.
Unlike a table's
PRIMARY KEY, a stream's keys can be NULL.
Each row within the stream has a
ROWTIME pseudo column, which represents the event time
of the row. The timestamp has milliseconds accuracy. The timestamp is used by ksqlDB during any
windowing operations and during joins, where data from each side of a join is generally processed
in time order.
ROWTIME is populated from the corresponding Kafka message timestamp. Set
WITH clause to populate
ROWTIME from a column in the Kafka message key or value.
The WITH clause supports the following properties:
|KAFKA_TOPIC (required)||The name of the Kafka topic that backs this source. The topic must either already exist in Kafka, or PARTITIONS must be specified to create the topic. Command will fail if the topic exists with different partition/replica counts.|
|VALUE_FORMAT (required)||Specifies the serialization format of the message value in the topic. For supported formats, see Serialization Formats.|
|PARTITIONS||The number of partitions in the backing topic. This property must be set if creating a STREAM without an existing topic (the command will fail if the topic does not exist).|
|REPLICAS||The number of replicas in the backing topic. If this property is not set but PARTITIONS is set, then the default Kafka cluster configuration for replicas will be used for creating a new topic.|
|VALUE_DELIMITER||Used when VALUE_FORMAT='DELIMITED'. Supports single character to be a delimiter, defaults to ','. For space and tab delimited values you must use the special values 'SPACE' or 'TAB', not an actual space or tab character.|
|TIMESTAMP||By default, the pseudo
|TIMESTAMP_FORMAT||Used in conjunction with TIMESTAMP. If not set the timestamp column must be of type
|WRAP_SINGLE_VALUE||Controls how values are deserialized where the value schema contains only a single column. The setting controls how ksqlDB will deserialize the value of the records in the supplied
If set to
If set to
If not supplied, the system default, defined by ksql.persistence.wrap.single.values, then the format's default is used.
Note: Supplying this property for formats that do not support wrapping, for example
|WINDOW_TYPE||By default, the topic is assumed to contain non-windowed data. If the data is windowed, i.e., was created using ksqlDB using a query that contains a
|WINDOW_SIZE||By default, the topic is assumed to contain non-windowed data. If the data is windowed, i.e., was created using ksqlDB using a query that contains a
For more information on timestamp formats, see DateTimeFormatter.
- To use Avro or Protobuf, you must have Schema Registry enabled and
ksql.schema.registry.url must be set in the ksqlDB Server configuration
file. See Configure ksqlDB for Avro, Protobuf, and JSON schemas.
- Avro and Protobuf field names are not case sensitive in ksqlDB. This matches the ksqlDB column name behavior.
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